The voltage-dependent Cl(-) channel ClC-5 and plasma membrane Cl(-) conductances of mouse renal collecting duct cells (mIMCD-3)

J Physiol. 2001 Nov 1;536(Pt 3):769-83. doi: 10.1111/j.1469-7793.2001.00769.x.


1. We have tested the hypothesis that the voltage-dependent Cl(-) channel, ClC-5 functions as a plasma membrane Cl(-) conductance in renal inner medullary collecting duct cells. 2. Full-length mouse kidney ClC-5 (mClC-5) was cloned and transiently expressed in CHO-K1 cells. Fast whole-cell patch-clamp recordings confirmed that mClC-5 expression produces a voltage-dependent, strongly outwardly rectifying Cl(-) conductance that was unaffected by external DIDS. 3. Slow whole-cell recordings, using nystatin-perforated patches from transfected CHO-K1 cells, also produced voltage-dependent Cl(-) currents consistent with ClC-5 expression. However, under this recording configuration an endogenous DIDS-sensitive Ca(2+)-activated Cl(-) conductance was also evident, which appeared to be activated by green fluorescent protein (GFP) transfection. 4. A mClC-5-GFP fusion protein was transiently expressed in CHO-K1 cells; confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM) showed localization at the plasma membrane, consistent with patch-clamp experiments. 5. Endogenous expression of mClC-5 was demonstrated in mouse renal collecting duct cells (mIMCD-3) by RT-PCR and by immunocytochemistry. 6. Using slow whole-cell current recordings, mIMCD-3 cells displayed three biophysically distinct Cl(-)-selective currents, which were all inhibited by DIDS. However, no cells exhibited whole-cell currents that had mClC-5 characteristics. 7. Transient transfection of mIMCD-3 cells with antisense mClC-5 had no effect on the endogenous Cl(-) conductances. Transient transfection with sense mClC-5 failed to induce the Cl(-) conductance seen in CHO-K1 cells but stimulated levels of the endogenous Ca(2+)-activated Cl(-) conductance 24 h post-transfection. 8. Confocal laser scanning microscopy of mIMCD-3 cells transfected with mClC-5-GFP showed that the protein was absent from the plasma membrane and was instead localized to acidic endosomal compartments. 9. These data discount a major role for ClC-5 as a plasma membrane Cl(-) conductance in mIMCD-3 cells but suggest a role in endosomal function.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Algorithms
  • Animals
  • CHO Cells
  • Cell Line
  • Cell Membrane / drug effects
  • Cell Membrane / metabolism
  • Chloride Channels / drug effects*
  • Chloride Channels / genetics
  • Cricetinae
  • DNA Primers
  • Electrophysiology
  • Epithelial Cells / drug effects
  • Epithelial Cells / metabolism
  • Female
  • Immunohistochemistry
  • Kidney Tubules, Collecting / cytology
  • Kidney Tubules, Collecting / metabolism*
  • Membrane Potentials / physiology
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred BALB C
  • Patch-Clamp Techniques
  • Transfection


  • CLC-5 chloride channel
  • Chloride Channels
  • DNA Primers