Background: The induction of epithelial cytokines/chemokines is crucial in the migration of leukocytes, and its regulatory mechanisms remain incompletely defined.
Objective: To determine the role of IL-17, a CD4(+) T cell-derived cytokine, in modulation of primary bronchial epithelial cells, the expression of IL-6, IL-8, and intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM-1) and the potential involvement of mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinases in IL-17-mediated signaling were examined.
Methods: The levels of gene expression and protein production for IL-6 and IL-8 in IL-17-treated cells, in the presence or absence of MAP kinase inhibitors, were analyzed by RT-PCR and ELISA, respectively, and activation of MAP kinases was determined by Western blot analyses.
Results: We showed first that IL-17 induced time-dependent expression of IL-6 and IL-8 but not of the chemokines eotaxin and RANTES. In addition, IL-17 induced activation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 but not of p38 or JNK kinases. A selective MAP kinase kinase inhibitor, PD98059, inhibited IL-17-induced IL-6 and IL-8. A combination of IL-17 and each of the cytokines IL-4, IL-13, and IFN-gamma further enhanced IL-8 expression. IL-17 alone did not induce ICAM-1 expression and showed no effect on IL-4- or IL-13-induced ICAM-1 expression. In contrast, a combination of IL-17 and IFN-gamma augmented IL-6 and ICAM-1 expression.
Conclusion: These findings suggest that IL-17, alone or in combination with other cytokines, modulates airway inflammation via-in part-the expression of epithelial IL-6, IL-8, and ICAM-1.