Multiple stimuli induce tyrosine phosphorylation of the Crk-binding sites of paxillin

Biochem J. 2001 Nov 15;360(Pt 1):57-66. doi: 10.1042/0264-6021:3600057.


Paxillin is a focal-adhesion-associated, tyrosine-phosphorylated protein. In cells transformed by the src, crk or BCR-Abl oncogenes, the phosphotyrosine content of paxillin is elevated. In normal cells paxillin functions in signalling following integrin-dependent cell adhesion or exposure to a number of stimuli, including growth factors and neuropeptides. These stimuli induce tyrosine phosphorylation of paxillin, regulating the association of Src homology 2 domain-containing signalling molecules with paxillin. There are multiple sites of tyrosine phosphorylation on paxillin. To elucidate the role of paxillin in transducing signals in response to various stimuli, it is essential to identify all of the sites of phosphorylation on paxillin and to define which residues are phosphorylated in response to distinct stimuli. We describe two new sites of tyrosine phosphorylation on paxillin, residues at positions 40 and 88. Using paxillin variants with phenylalanine substitutions at phosphorylation sites and phospho-specific paxillin antibodies, tyrosine phosphorylation of paxillin in response to distinct stimuli was examined. The results demonstrate that Tyr(31) and Tyr(118), which are binding sites for Crk, are major sites of tyrosine phosphorylation following cell adhesion or stimulation with platelet-derived growth factor or angiotensin II. Thus multiple stimuli may elicit similar signalling events downstream of paxillin.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Binding Sites
  • Cell Adhesion
  • Chick Embryo
  • Culture Media, Serum-Free / pharmacology
  • Cytoskeletal Proteins / chemistry*
  • Cytoskeletal Proteins / metabolism
  • DNA, Complementary / metabolism
  • Paxillin
  • Peptides / chemistry
  • Phosphoproteins / chemistry*
  • Phosphoproteins / metabolism
  • Phosphorylation
  • Protein Binding
  • Protein Structure, Tertiary
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins / chemistry*
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-crk
  • Signal Transduction
  • Tyrosine / metabolism*
  • src Homology Domains


  • Culture Media, Serum-Free
  • Cytoskeletal Proteins
  • DNA, Complementary
  • Paxillin
  • Peptides
  • Phosphoproteins
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-crk
  • Tyrosine