Unmasking different constitutive activity of four chemoattractant receptors using Na+ as universal stabilizer of the inactive (R) state

Recept Channels. 2001;7(5):357-69.


Neutrophils express receptors for the chemoattractants N-formyl-L-methionyl-L-leucyl-L-phenylalanine (FMLP) complement C5a, leukotriene B4 (LTB4) and platelet-activating factor (PAF). The aim of this study was to analyze the constitutive activity of chemoattractant receptors by studying binding of guanosine 5'-O-(3-thiotriphosphate) (GTP gamma S) to the G-protein Gi alpha 2 beta 1 gamma 2 expressed in Sf9 cells. We used Na+ as modulator of constitutive activity because there are no known inverse agonists for the C5a receptor (C5aR), LTB4 receptor (BLTR) and PAF receptor (PAFR). In the absence of NaCl, PAF and LTB4 exhibited larger relative stimulatory effects on GTP gamma S binding than fMLP and C5a. NaCl showed larger inhibitory effects on basal GTP gamma S binding in membranes expressing the formyl peptide receptor (FPR) and C5aR than in membranes expressing BLTR and PAFR. The order of potency of NaCl at inhibiting basal GTP gamma S binding was FPR > C5aR approximately BLTR > PAFR. As a result of the inhibitory effect of NaCl on basal GTP gamma S binding, the relative stimulatory effects of agonists were increased. By quantitatively analyzing the expression levels of chemoattractant receptors and Gi alpha 2 and the stoichiometry of receptor/G-protein coupling we obtained no evidence for structural instability of constitutively active receptors and catalytical G-protein activation. Taken together, the FPR and C5aR exhibit higher constitutive activity than the BLTR and PAFR. Na+ acts as a universal stabilizer of the inactive (R) state in chemoattractant receptors. The different potencies of NaCl at suppressing basal G-protein activity with different receptors indicate that chemoattractant receptors differ from each other in their Na(+)-affinity.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Antigens, CD / genetics
  • Antigens, CD / metabolism
  • Cations, Monovalent / pharmacology
  • Chemotactic Factors / metabolism*
  • GTP-Binding Protein alpha Subunits, Gi-Go / genetics
  • GTP-Binding Protein alpha Subunits, Gi-Go / metabolism
  • Guanosine 5'-O-(3-Thiotriphosphate) / metabolism
  • Platelet Membrane Glycoproteins / genetics
  • Platelet Membrane Glycoproteins / metabolism
  • Receptor, Anaphylatoxin C5a
  • Receptors, Adrenergic, beta-2 / genetics
  • Receptors, Adrenergic, beta-2 / metabolism
  • Receptors, Cell Surface / drug effects*
  • Receptors, Cell Surface / genetics
  • Receptors, Complement / genetics
  • Receptors, Complement / metabolism
  • Receptors, Formyl Peptide
  • Receptors, G-Protein-Coupled*
  • Receptors, Immunologic / genetics
  • Receptors, Immunologic / metabolism
  • Receptors, Leukotriene B4 / genetics
  • Receptors, Leukotriene B4 / metabolism
  • Receptors, Peptide / genetics
  • Receptors, Peptide / metabolism
  • Recombinant Proteins / metabolism
  • Sodium / pharmacology*


  • Antigens, CD
  • Cations, Monovalent
  • Chemotactic Factors
  • Platelet Membrane Glycoproteins
  • Receptor, Anaphylatoxin C5a
  • Receptors, Adrenergic, beta-2
  • Receptors, Cell Surface
  • Receptors, Complement
  • Receptors, Formyl Peptide
  • Receptors, G-Protein-Coupled
  • Receptors, Immunologic
  • Receptors, Leukotriene B4
  • Receptors, Peptide
  • Recombinant Proteins
  • platelet activating factor receptor
  • Guanosine 5'-O-(3-Thiotriphosphate)
  • Sodium
  • GTP-Binding Protein alpha Subunits, Gi-Go