We studied six patients with localization-related epilepsy, frequent interictal epileptiform discharges, and positive spike-triggered blood oxygen level-dependent functional MRI (BOLD-fMRI) findings. EEG source analysis solutions based on 64-channel EEG recorded in a separate session outside the scanner were obtained using dipole models and compared to the BOLD localization. The BOLD and structural images were coregistered, allowing the measurement of distances between the generator models and BOLD activation(s) and structural lesion when present. In all cases dipole models could be found that explained a sufficient amount of the data and that were anatomically concordant with the BOLD localization. In the five cases with structural abnormality visible on T1 scans, the BOLD activation overlapped or was in close proximity to the abnormality. The overall mean distance between the main moving dipole and the center of the nearest BOLD activation was 3.5 and 2.2 cm for the negative and positive peaks, respectively, including one case of a deep BOLD activation, in which the distance was 5 cm. In conclusion, the degree of agreement between the BOLD and EEG source localization indicates that the combination of these two noninvasive techniques offers the possibility of advancing the study of the generators of epileptiform electrical activity.
Copyright 2001 Academic Press.