Inhibition of Na superset+/H superset+ exchange decreases albumin-induced NF-kappaB activation in renal proximal tubular cell lines (OK and LLC-PK1 cells)

Eur J Med Res. 2001 Oct 29;6(10):422-32.


Filtered proteins play a role in the pathogenesis of renal interstitial inflammation and fibrosis. At least part of these effects are mediated by the nuclear factor kappaB (NF-kappaB). Receptor-mediated endocytosis of proteins like albumin in renal proximal tubular cells is in part dependent on Na superset+/H superset+ exchanger (NHE) isoform 3. We tested the hypothesis that pharmacological inhibition of NHE-3 reduces albumin-induced NF-kappaB activation - and therefore albumin-induced renal interstitial inflammation and fibrosis - using established proximal tubular cell lines (OK and LLC-PK1). 5-(N-ethyl-N-isopropyl)-amiloride (EIPA) or HOE694 were used to inhibit NHE. Albumin endocytosis was determined by fluorometric analysis of FITC-BSA uptake. Electromobility gel shift assays were performed in order to determine the NF-kappaB-specific DNA-binding activity. EIPA reduced albumin uptake in OK and LLC-PK1 cells and HOE694 decreased albumin uptake in LLC-PK1 cells, with IC subset50 values corresponding to NHE-3 inhibition. Furthermore, albumin-induced increases in NF-kappaB DNA-binding activity were partially inhibited by EIPA in OK and LLC-PK1 cells. HOE694 at a concentration of 100 micromol/l similarly decreased albumin-induced NF-kappaB DNA-binding activity. Cytosolic acidification by propionic acid did not prevent BSA-induced activation of NF-kappaB. Inhibition of BSA endocytosis by chlorpromazine decreased NF-kappaB activation. NHE-dependent albumin endocytosis induces an increase in NF-kappaB-specific protein activity in renal proximal tubular cells in culture, which is decreased by EIPA and HOE694. Thus, inhibition of albumin uptake might be a therapeutical strategy to prevent albumin-induced NF-kappaB activation and albumin-associated inflammatory or fibrotic renal pathomechanisms in vivo.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Amiloride / analogs & derivatives*
  • Amiloride / pharmacology
  • Animals
  • Cell Line
  • Chlorpromazine / pharmacology
  • DNA / metabolism
  • Endocytosis / drug effects
  • Guanidines / pharmacology
  • Kidney Tubules, Proximal / metabolism*
  • LLC-PK1 Cells
  • NF-kappa B / metabolism*
  • Opossums
  • Serum Albumin, Bovine / metabolism*
  • Serum Albumin, Bovine / pharmacology
  • Sodium-Hydrogen Exchangers / antagonists & inhibitors*
  • Sulfones / pharmacology
  • Swine
  • Tetradecanoylphorbol Acetate / pharmacology


  • Guanidines
  • NF-kappa B
  • Sodium-Hydrogen Exchangers
  • Sulfones
  • 3-methylsulfonyl-4-piperidinobenzoyl guanidine
  • Serum Albumin, Bovine
  • Amiloride
  • DNA
  • Tetradecanoylphorbol Acetate
  • Chlorpromazine
  • ethylisopropylamiloride