Liposomal daunorubicin (DaunoXome) in combination with cyclophosphamide, vincristine and prednisolone (COP-X) as salvage therapy in poor-prognosis non-Hodgkins lymphoma

Leuk Lymphoma. 2001 Jun;42(1-2):89-98. doi: 10.3109/10428190109097680.


We treated 33 patients with a variant of the standard 3 weekly CHOP regime, replacing doxorubicin with liposomal daunorubicin (DaunoXome, NeXstar Pharmaceuticals) 120 mg/m2 (COP-X). Eighteen subjects had relapsed/refractory aggressive NHL and 15 had indolent NHL/CLL. Median number of courses received was 4 (1-8). Thirty-two patients were evaluable for efficacy and 26 (81%) responded. 88% of patients with aggressive NHL responded; three (18%) patients achieved complete remission (CR), 12 (70%) achieved partial remission (PR), 1 (6%) patient had stable disease (SD) and 1 (6%) patient progressed through treatment. Median duration of response for patients with aggressive NHL was 3 months. The response rate in indolent NHL/CLL was 73%. Four (27%) patients achieved CR, 7 (46%) PR and 4 (27%) SD. At two years post treatment, 55% of the patients with indolent NHL/CLL remain progression-free, although 4 patients have proceeded to consolidation therapy. Twenty-seven out of 28 (96%) patients developed neutropenia of short duration following one or more of their treatments. Twenty-three patients developed an infection at some stage during therapy (all associated with neutropenia) and required hospitalisation. There were two toxic deaths (infection) both of which occurred in patients who were neutropenic before starting COP-X. Platelet toxicity was mild in patients with normal platelet counts at the commencement of therapy. Alopecia and mucositis were mild. No clinical evidence of myocardial failure was observed. We conclude that the substitution of DaunoXome for doxorubicin in the CHOP regimen to form COP-X provides excellent efficacy against non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. Response durations were short but comparable to those reported with other regimens. COP-X was well tolerated with some suggestion of reduced non-haematological toxicity. The regimen should be considered as an alternative to CHOP with potentially less non-haematological toxicity, particularly cardiac; further studies are required to evaluate the regimen in this context.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Clinical Trial, Phase II
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Antibiotics, Antineoplastic / administration & dosage*
  • Antibiotics, Antineoplastic / toxicity
  • Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / administration & dosage*
  • Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / toxicity
  • Cyclophosphamide / administration & dosage
  • Daunorubicin / administration & dosage*
  • Daunorubicin / toxicity
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, B-Cell / drug therapy
  • Liposomes / administration & dosage
  • Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / drug therapy*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Prednisolone / administration & dosage
  • Prognosis
  • Remission Induction
  • Salvage Therapy / methods*
  • Survival Analysis
  • Therapeutic Equivalency
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Vincristine / administration & dosage


  • Antibiotics, Antineoplastic
  • Liposomes
  • Vincristine
  • Cyclophosphamide
  • Prednisolone
  • Daunorubicin