Background: SmartLens (ODC Ophthalmic Development Company AG, Zürich) is a contact lens tonometer, which allows continuous registration of intraocular pressure (IOP) and ocular pulse amplitude (OPA) and simultaneous ophthalmoscopy. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the intra- and interobserver variability and reliability of intraocular pressure and ocular pulse amplitude measurements using SmartLens.
Methods: To evaluate the intraobserver variability, intraocular pressure (IOP) and ocular pulse amplitude (OPA) were both measured 5 times in 10 healthy eyes by one observer. To evaluate the interobserver variability, intraocular pressure and ocular pulse amplitude were measured by 3 different observers in 10 healthy eyes. Data description is based on coefficients of variation (SD/mean in %), statistical inference on ANOVA-based reliability estimation.
Results: The coefficient of the intraobserver variation was 9.57% for the IOP and 14.5% for the OPA (SD IOP: +/- 1.64 mmHg, SD OPA: +/- 0.39 mmHg). The coefficient of the interobserver variation with 5 replicate measurements was 10.16% for the IOP and 14% for the OPA (SD IOP: +/- 1.83 mmHg, SD OPA: +/- 0.4 mmHg). The interobserver reliability was 87% for the IOP and 86% for the OPA. One of the three observers obtained significantly higher IOP and OPA values.
Conclusions: SmartLens is a reasonably precise and reliable device for IOP as well as OPA measurements but the results were not found to be observer independent.