Background: Little is known about differences in the disposition kinetics and pharmacological effects on gastrin levels between lansoprazole and rabeprazole given in a repeated dosing scheme with respect to the polymorphic CYP2C19.
Aim: To provide preliminary information that should be considered when prescribing proton-pump inhibitors (PPIs) for the treatment of acid-related diseases with reference to the CYP2C/9 genotypic status.
Methods: Helicobacter pylori-negative healthy volunteers were divided into the following three groups (n = 5 each) on the basis of genotyping for CYP2C19: homozygous (hmEMs) and heterozygous extensive metabolizers (htEMs), and poor metabolizers (PMs). All received once-daily 30-mg doses of lansoprazole or 10-mg doses of rabeprazole during an 8-day course in a crossover manner.
Results: The relative values for the area under the serum concentration-time curve (AUC) of lansoprazole and rabeprazole in the hmEMs, htEMs, and PMs after the final doses were 1:1.7:3.9 and 1:1.7:3.8, respectively. The relative AUCs of gastrin in the hmEMs, htEMs, and PMs were 1.6:2.6:3.1 for lansoprazole and 1.6:2.6:2.9 for rabeprazole, respectively.
Conclusion: The disposition kinetic behavior of the two PPIs is co-segregated with CYP2C19. The magnitude of CYP2C19-dependent drug availability in the systemic circulation and resulting gastrin response appears to be fairly similar between the two drugs within the same CYP2C19 genotypic groups after a multiple-dosing regimen.