The postwash total progressively motile sperm cell count is a reliable predictor of total fertilization failure during in vitro fertilization treatment

Fertil Steril. 2001 Nov;76(5):884-91. doi: 10.1016/s0015-0282(01)02826-6.


Objective: To predict the chance of total fertilization failure (TFF) before the day of ovum pickup with known semen and female variables.

Design: A statistical model was constructed to predict TFF by retrospective analysis (2,366 couples) and subsequently tested on a new IVF population (917 couples).

Setting: Academic tertiary referral center.

Patient(s): Three thousand three hundred eighty-three couples who underwent an IVF-ET treatment.

Intervention(s): None.

Main outcome measure(s): The ability to predict the probability of TFF in IVF.

Result(s): Two variables-postwash total progressively motile sperm cell count (postwash TPMC) and number of follicles-were found to be significant. Taking a probability of 25% as an acceptable risk of TFF, we calculated that a postwash TPMC of <1.1 x 10(6) cells results in a risk of TFF of >25%. Low responders (<4 follicles) needed a postwash TPMC of >2.2 x 10(6) cells to reduce the risk of TFF to <25%. High responders (>15 follicles) needed only 0.35 x 10(6) postwash progressively motile spermatozoa.

Conclusion(s): When postwash TPMC and number of follicles are known and an unacceptable TFF outcome is expected, one can propose an ICSI procedure a few days before the day of ovum pickup.

Publication types

  • Validation Study

MeSH terms

  • Female
  • Fertilization in Vitro*
  • Forecasting
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Models, Biological
  • Regression Analysis
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Risk Factors
  • Semen / physiology
  • Sperm Count*
  • Sperm Motility*
  • Treatment Failure