Associated phoria and the measuring and correcting methodology after H.-J. Haase (MKH)

Strabismus. 2001 Sep;9(3):165-76. doi: 10.1076/stra.


The test charts included in the Polatest, designed by H.-J. Haase and manufactured by Zeiss, are used in Germany, Switzerland and Scandinavia for prism correction of 'associated phoria.' From clinical experience with the Polatest Haase developed a motor and sensory theory of the different stages of decompensation of 'associated phoria ' and a strategy for its prismatic correction - the MKH (Measuring and Correcting Methodology after H.-J. Haase). The theory challenges many accepted ideas about the plasticity of the visual system and the use of prisms in the treatment of sensory abnormalities. This article, the first full description in English, describes and critically discusses the MKH.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Accommodation, Ocular / physiology
  • Convergence, Ocular / physiology
  • Eyeglasses
  • Humans
  • Strabismus / diagnosis*
  • Strabismus / physiopathology
  • Strabismus / therapy*
  • Vision Disparity / physiology
  • Vision Tests / instrumentation
  • Vision, Binocular / physiology