Asthma and allergy in Albania and the UK

Lancet. 2001 Oct 27;358(9291):1426-7. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(01)06521-7.


In the first phase of the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood, a large difference in occurrence of asthma symptoms was seen between children in Albania and the UK. We did skin-prick tests with various allergens and measured peak expiratory flow rate in about 1000 children from each country. A large difference in the proportion of exercise-induced bronchial reactivity was evident between children from Albania and the UK (0.8% vs 5.4%, respectively). However, the frequency of allergic sensitisation was closely similar (15.0% vs 17.8%, respectively). These results suggest that large geographical variations in asthma prevalence can arise without differences in frequency of atopy.

Publication types

  • Letter
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Albania / epidemiology
  • Asthma / epidemiology*
  • Child
  • Humans
  • Hypersensitivity / diagnosis
  • Hypersensitivity / epidemiology*
  • Peak Expiratory Flow Rate
  • Skin Tests*
  • United Kingdom / epidemiology