Meal replacements in weight intervention

Obes Res. 2001 Nov;9 Suppl 4:312S-320S. doi: 10.1038/oby.2001.136.

Abstract

Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of meal replacements (MRs) in weight loss interventions in premenopausal women.

Research methods and procedures: Overweight premenopausal women (n = 113; body mass index: 25 to 35 kg/m(2); 30 to 50 years old) were randomized into three interventions: group A, a dietitian-led intervention; group B, a dietitian-led intervention incorporating MRs; and group C, a clinical office-based intervention incorporating MRs. In year 1, groups A and B attended 26 group sessions, whereas group C received the same educational materials during 26 10-minute office visits with a physician-nurse team. In year 2, participants attended monthly group seminars and drop-in visits with a dietitian.

Results: For the 74 subjects completing year 1, weight loss in the office-based group C was as effective as the traditional dietitian-led group A (4.3 +/- 6.5% vs. 4.1 +/- 6.4%), while group B maintained a significantly greater weight loss (9.1 +/- 8.9%; p < 0.02; mean +/- SD). For the 43 subjects completing year 2, group B showed significant differences in the percentage of weight loss (-8.5 +/- 7.0%) compared with group A (-1.5 +/- 5.0%) and group C (-3.0 +/- 7.0%; p < 0.001).

Discussion: Study results showed that a traditional weight loss intervention incorporating MRs was effective as a weight loss tool in the medical office practice and in the dietitian-led group setting.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Body Mass Index
  • Body Weight
  • Diet
  • Dietetics
  • Female
  • Food, Formulated*
  • Humans
  • Life Style
  • Micronutrients / administration & dosage
  • Middle Aged
  • Obesity / diet therapy*
  • Patient Education as Topic
  • Premenopause
  • Primary Health Care
  • Risk Factors
  • Weight Loss*

Substances

  • Micronutrients