Nucleoside analog cytotoxicity and bystander cell killing of cancer cells expressing Drosophila melanogaster deoxyribonucleoside kinase in the nucleus or cytosol

Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2001 Nov 23;289(1):229-33. doi: 10.1006/bbrc.2001.5953.


We have recently shown that the overexpression of Drosophila melanogaster multisubstrate deoxyribonucleoside kinase (Dm-dNK) in cancer cell lines increases the cells' sensitivity to several cytotoxic nucleoside analogs and the enzyme may accordingly be used as a suicide gene in combined gene/chemotherapy treatment of cancer. To further characterize the enzyme for possible use as a suicide gene, we constructed a replication-deficient retroviral vector that expressed either the wild-type enzyme that localizes to the cell nucleus or a mutant (arg247ser) that localizes to the cytosol. A thymidine kinase-deficient osteosarcoma cell line was transduced with the recombinant virus and we compared the sensitivity and bystander cell killing when the cell lines were incubated with the pyrimidine nucleoside analogs (E)-5-(2-bromovinyl)-2'-deoxyuridine and 1-beta-D-arabinofuranosylthymine. In summary, we showed that the cells' sensitivity and the efficiency of bystander cell killing were not dependent on whether Dm-dNK was located in the nucleus or cytosol.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Arabinonucleosides / pharmacology*
  • Bromodeoxyuridine / analogs & derivatives*
  • Bromodeoxyuridine / pharmacology*
  • Cell Death / drug effects
  • Cell Nucleus / enzymology
  • Cytosol / enzymology
  • Drosophila melanogaster / enzymology*
  • Drosophila melanogaster / genetics*
  • Gene Expression
  • Genes, Insect
  • Genetic Therapy
  • Green Fluorescent Proteins
  • Humans
  • Luminescent Proteins / genetics
  • Luminescent Proteins / metabolism
  • Osteosarcoma / drug therapy
  • Osteosarcoma / pathology
  • Osteosarcoma / therapy
  • Phosphotransferases (Alcohol Group Acceptor) / genetics*
  • Phosphotransferases (Alcohol Group Acceptor) / metabolism*
  • Point Mutation
  • Recombinant Fusion Proteins / genetics
  • Recombinant Fusion Proteins / metabolism
  • Retroviridae / genetics
  • Thymidine / analogs & derivatives*
  • Thymidine / pharmacology*
  • Transduction, Genetic
  • Tumor Cells, Cultured


  • Arabinonucleosides
  • Luminescent Proteins
  • Recombinant Fusion Proteins
  • Green Fluorescent Proteins
  • brivudine
  • Phosphotransferases (Alcohol Group Acceptor)
  • deoxyribonucleoside kinases
  • Bromodeoxyuridine
  • thymine arabinoside
  • Thymidine