A 29-year-old man with Schnyder's central crystalline dystrophy was treated with phototherapeutic keratectomy (PTK) in his right eye. Ocular examination revealed abnormal deposits of cholesterol and lipid within the corneal stroma (appearing as crystalline spindle-shaped deposits), high myopia, phakic anterior chamber intraocular lens implantation, and myopic macular degeneration in both eyes. Phototherapeutic keratectomy ablation to a central zone of 7.0 mm and a depth of 96 microm was performed with an Aesculap Meditec MEL-70 excimer laser. Confocal microscopy performed before PTK showed multiple deposits of large, brightly reflective crystalline material extending from the anterior to the mid stroma. The Z-scan curves revealed that the highest density of crystalline deposits was located within the first 140 microm of corneal depth. Six months after PTK, confocal microscopy showed a markedly decreased density of corneal crystalline deposits in the anterior stroma.