Hepatic cytochrome P450 (CYP) expression and antioxidant activity have been shown to decrease following endotoxin (lipopolysaccharide [LPS]) or proinflammatory cytokine administration. Using mice deficient in interleukin-6 (IL-6), the role of IL-6 in the regulation of hepatic CYP activity, glutathione (GSH) metabolism, and catalase (CAT) activity was analyzed after LPS administration. Administration of LPS produced comparable decreases in hepatic CYP3A activity in WT B6x129 (WT) mice and IL-6 knockout mice. No decrease was observed for CYP2D9 activity after LPS administration in either WT or IL-6 knockout mice. LPS administration significantly increased hepatic and renal CYP2E1 and CYP4A activity in WT mice, with no effect in IL-6 knockout mice. CYP2A12 activity increased in IL-6 knockout, mice with no change in WT mice after LPS administration. LPS administration had no significant effect on hepatic GSH reductase, GST peroxidase, GSH-S-transferase (GST), or total GSH in either WT or IL-6 knockout. However, hepatic CAT activity was significantly reduced in WT mice after LPS administration, with no effect in IL-6 knockout mice. These results support IL-6 as a critical mediator of the effects of LPS on specific hepatic and renal CYP activities and hepatic CAT activity.