The postauricular fascial flap as an adjunct to Mustardé and Furnas type otoplasty

Plast Reconstr Surg. 2001 Nov;108(6):1487-90; discussion 1491. doi: 10.1097/00006534-200111000-00005.


Anterior riberation methods of otoplasty have been criticized because of the risk of anterior hematoma that can cause anterior skin necrosis, scarring, and even cartilage destruction caused by infection. As a result, cartilage-sparing otoplasty such as the Mustardé and Furnas types has been increasingly popular. However, postauricular suture extrusion may result, and recurrence rates of up to 25 percent have been recorded. In this study, cartilage-sparing otoplasty is refined by the addition of a postauricular fascial flap to reduce suture extrusion and recurrence rates. Fifty-one patients underwent otoplasty (45 bilateral, six unilateral). This technique involves the elevation of a fascial flap from the postauricular region. A new antihelical fold is then created by Mustardé sutures, and the conchal bowl is rotated by Furnas-type concha-mastoid sutures. The fascial flap is then advanced to cover the sutures with a supplementary vascularized layer to prevent suture extrusion. In addition, the advancement of the flap acts as a postauricular support to prevent recurrence. A natural-looking antihelical fold and helical rim is created by this technique. There were no hematomas. There was recurrence in eight ears (8 percent) in six patients. Two patients requested further surgery. No patients developed suture extrusion or granuloma. This is a simple and intrinsically safe procedure and does not cause irreparable complications such as anterior scarring or skin necrosis. The postauricular fascial flap seems to prevent suture extrusion. It may also help to reduce recurrence rates to acceptable levels.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Ear Cartilage / surgery
  • Ear, External / abnormalities
  • Ear, External / surgery*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Postoperative Complications
  • Reconstructive Surgical Procedures / methods*
  • Surgical Flaps*