Background: The Treatment of Age-Related Macular Degeneration with Photodynamic Therapy (TAP) Study showed that at 1 year, photodynamic therapy significantly reduced the chances of severe visual loss (15 letters or greater) compared with placebo treatment in patients with "predominantly classic" subfoveal choroidal neovascularization (CNV). We performed a study to determine the expected gain in quality of life associated with photodynamic therapy for the treatment of subfoveal CNV in a Canadian cohort of patients with age-related macular degeneration.
Methods: We created a decision analysis model to determine the incremental gain in quality-adjusted life years (QALYs) associated with photodynamic therapy over placebo over a 2-year period. The analysis was conducted using efficacy data derived from the TAP Study and patient-based utilities collected by means of the time trade-off technique. We conducted one-way and two-way sensitivity analyses to determine the robustness of our model. A Monte Carlo simulation was used to determine whether the observed gain in QALYs with photodynamic therapy was significant.
Results: Photodynamic therapy was associated with a relative increase in QALYs of 11.3% compared with placebo. In one-way and two-way sensitivity analyses, the relative increase in quality of life associated with photodynamic therapy ranged from 4.2% to 25.7%. The Monte Carlo simulation showed that the gain in QALYs conferred from photodynamic therapy was statistically significant (p < 0.001).
Interpretation: Photodynamic therapy improves the quality of life of Canadians with predominantly classic subfoveal CNV secondary to age-related macular degeneration.