Disease status in African American single mothers with HIV: the role of depressive symptoms

Health Psychol. 2001 Nov;20(6):417-23.


The association between depressive symptoms and 2 measures of HIV disease status in 73 African American single mothers was examined. Hierarchical multiple regression analyses revealed that clinician-rated depressive symptoms predicted subjective, but not objective, parameters of disease status 12 to 14 months later. More symptoms of depression at the 1st assessment predicted an increase in physical complaints over the course of the study. Results suggest that researchers and clinicians interested in enhancing quality of life among African American single mothers with HIV infection, an understudied population within the HIV-AIDS literature, should consider both subjective and objective measures of the disease.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Black or African American / psychology*
  • Culture
  • Depression / psychology*
  • Female
  • HIV Seropositivity / psychology*
  • Health Status*
  • Humans
  • Mothers / psychology*
  • Prospective Studies
  • Quality of Life
  • Single Parent / psychology*