Mrc1 transduces signals of DNA replication stress to activate Rad53

Nat Cell Biol. 2001 Nov;3(11):958-65. doi: 10.1038/ncb1101-958.


Cells experiencing DNA replication stress activate a response pathway that delays entry into mitosis and promotes DNA repair and completion of DNA replication. The protein kinases ScRad53 and SpCds1 (in baker's and fission yeast, respectively) are central to this pathway. We describe a conserved protein Mrc1, mediator of the replication checkpoint, required for activation of ScRad53 and SpCds1 during replication stress. mrc1 mutants are sensitive to hydroxyurea and have a checkpoint defect similar to rad53 and cds1 mutants. Mrc1 may be the replicative counterpart of Rad9 and Crb2, which are required for activating ScRad53 and Chk1 in response to DNA damage.

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Cell Cycle Proteins / metabolism
  • Checkpoint Kinase 2
  • DNA Replication*
  • DNA, Fungal / biosynthesis*
  • Enzyme Activation
  • Fungal Proteins / genetics
  • Fungal Proteins / metabolism*
  • Genes, Fungal
  • Humans
  • Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Protein Kinases / metabolism
  • Protein Serine-Threonine Kinases / metabolism*
  • S Phase
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae / genetics
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae / metabolism
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins / genetics
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins / metabolism*
  • Schizosaccharomyces
  • Schizosaccharomyces pombe Proteins
  • Signal Transduction*


  • Cell Cycle Proteins
  • DNA, Fungal
  • Fungal Proteins
  • Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins
  • MRC1 protein, S cerevisiae
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins
  • Schizosaccharomyces pombe Proteins
  • rad9 protein
  • Protein Kinases
  • Checkpoint Kinase 2
  • CHEK2 protein, human
  • Cds1 protein, S pombe
  • MEC1 protein, S cerevisiae
  • Protein Serine-Threonine Kinases
  • RAD53 protein, S cerevisiae