Diacylglycerol kinase gamma is one of the specific receptors of tumor-promoting phorbol esters

Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2001 Nov 30;289(2):451-6. doi: 10.1006/bbrc.2001.5935.


Diacylglycerol kinase (DGK) and protein kinase C (PKC) are two different enzyme families that interact with diacylglycerol. Both enzymes contain cysteine-rich C1 domains with a zinc finger-like structure. Most of the C1 domains of PKCs show strong phorbol-12,13-dibutyrate (PDBu) binding with nanomolar dissociation constants (K(d)'s). However, there has been no experimental evidence that phorbol esters bind to the C1 domains of DGKs. We focused on DGK gamma because its C1A domain has a high degree of sequence homology to those of PKCs, and because DGK gamma translocates from the cytoplasm to the plasma membrane following 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate treatment similar to PKCs. Two C1 domains of DGK gamma (DGK gamma-C1A and DGK gamma-C1B) were synthesized and tested for their PDBu binding along with whole DGK gamma (Flag-DGK gamma) expressed in COS-7 cells. DGK gamma-C1A and Flag-DGK gamma showed strong PDBu binding affinity, while DGK gamma-C1B was completely inactive. Scatchard analysis of DGK gamma-C1A and Flag-DGK gamma gave K(d)'s of 3.1 and 4.4 nM, respectively, indicating that the major PDBu binding site of DGK gamma is C1A. This is the first evidence that DGK gamma is a specific receptor of tumor-promoting phorbol esters.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • CHO Cells
  • COS Cells
  • Cell Membrane / enzymology
  • Cricetinae
  • Cytoplasm / enzymology
  • Diacylglycerol Kinase / metabolism*
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
  • Kinetics
  • Models, Genetic
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Mutation
  • Peptides / chemistry
  • Phorbol Esters / metabolism*
  • Plasmids / metabolism
  • Protein Binding
  • Protein Structure, Tertiary
  • Protein Transport
  • Sequence Homology, Amino Acid
  • Spectrometry, Mass, Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption-Ionization
  • Spectrophotometry
  • Tetradecanoylphorbol Acetate / pharmacology
  • Zinc Fingers


  • Peptides
  • Phorbol Esters
  • Diacylglycerol Kinase
  • Tetradecanoylphorbol Acetate