Tympanic membrane perforation in adults. How to manage, when to refer

Postgrad Med. 2001 Nov;110(5):81-4. doi: 10.1080/00325481.2001.11445496.


Tympanic membrane perforation is a common and potentially serious condition. One of the most important aspects of primary care for perforations is deciding which patients need to be seen by an otolaryngologist and how urgently they need to be referred. There are several indications for surgical repair, but most cases can be managed with conservative care and require no referral.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Deafness / etiology
  • Deafness / prevention & control
  • Humans
  • Primary Health Care*
  • Tympanic Membrane Perforation / complications
  • Tympanic Membrane Perforation / etiology
  • Tympanic Membrane Perforation / therapy*