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, 12 (12), 2721-31

Increased Renal angiopoietin-1 Expression in Folic Acid-Induced Nephrotoxicity in Mice

  • PMID: 11729241

Increased Renal angiopoietin-1 Expression in Folic Acid-Induced Nephrotoxicity in Mice

D A Long et al. J Am Soc Nephrol.


Growth factors affect epithelial regeneration after acute renal injury, but less is known regarding the expression of vascular growth factors in this setting. A mouse model of folic acid (FA)-induced nephrotoxicity was used to study the expression of angiopoietins (Ang), factors that bind the Tie-2 receptor and modulate endothelial growth. Tubular damage was detected 1 d after FA administration; in the next 14 d, most tubules regenerated but patchy atrophy, with interstitial fibrosis, was also observed. Ang-1 immunostaining was detected between cortical tubules and in the vasa rectae of vehicle-treated animals. FA-induced nephropathy was associated with the acquisition of Ang-1 immunostaining in renal arterial walls and in a subset of injured cortical tubules that failed to stain with periodic acid-Schiff stain, which indicated that they were distal tubules. Renal Ang-1 protein levels were significantly increased after FA administration, compared with time-matched control values, as assessed by Western blotting. Capillaries between regenerating tubules expressed both Tie-2 and platelet-endothelial cell adhesion molecule. A subset of these endothelia expressed proliferating cell nuclear antigen, whereas capillary proliferation was absent in control samples. Therefore, FA-induced nephropathy is associated with increased Ang-1 protein expression in renal epithelia and arteries. In addition, Tie-2-expressing capillaries near damaged cortical tubules undergo proliferation. Further experiments are required to establish whether these events are functionally related.

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