Otago glaucoma surgery outcome study: long-term follow-up of cases of primary glaucoma with additional risk factors drained by Molteno implants

Ophthalmology. 2001 Dec;108(12):2193-200. doi: 10.1016/s0161-6420(01)00836-3.

Abstract

Objective: This study was undertaken to provide data on the long-term results of cases of primary open-angle glaucoma with additional risk factors drained by Molteno implants in the province of Otago, New Zealand.

Design: Prospective, noncomparative case series

Participants: One hundred thirty eyes of 103 patients drained by Molteno implants as the first surgery between 1984 and 1999.

Intervention: Insertion of Molteno implant (Ethicon Inc., Johnson & Johnson, Somerville, NJ) using the Vicryl-tie technique.

Main outcome measures: Intraocular pressure (IOP), visual acuity, visual field.

Results: Insertion of a Molteno implant controlled the IOP at 21 mmHg or less with a probability of 1.0 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.90, 1.0) at up to 7 or more years after surgery. The mean preoperative visual acuity of 20/160 improved to 20/50 after operation and then declined to 20/55 at 5 years and 20/80 after 10 years. The probability of retaining useful vision (visual acuity, >20/400; visual field, >5 degrees radius) was 0.86 (95% CI, 0.77, 0.94) and 0.78 (95% CI, 0.67, 0.89) at 5 and 7 or more years, respectively, after surgery.

Conclusions: The insertion of Molteno implants using the Vicryl-tie technique in this series of 130 cases of primary open-angle glaucoma with additional risk factors controlled the IOP in all cases.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Cataract Extraction
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Glaucoma, Open-Angle / physiopathology
  • Glaucoma, Open-Angle / surgery*
  • Humans
  • Intraocular Pressure / physiology
  • Intraoperative Complications
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Molteno Implants*
  • New Zealand
  • Postoperative Complications
  • Prospective Studies
  • Prosthesis Implantation / methods
  • Risk Factors
  • Suture Techniques
  • Trabeculectomy
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Visual Acuity / physiology
  • Visual Fields / physiology