Myocardial tissue oxygen pressure (PmO2 ) and left anterior descending (LAD) artery blood flow were measured in dogs anesthetized with 1.5% isoflurane, and were then compared to brain tissue oxygen pressure (PbO2 ) and middle cerebral artery (MCA) blood flow during normocapnia, hypocapnia, and hypercapnia. A craniotomy was performed and a tissue probe (Codman, Inc.) that measures PO2, PCO2, and pH was inserted into the brain cortex in the MCA region (n = 8). Separately, after a thoracotomy, a probe was inserted into the middle myocardium of the left ventricle, within the distribution of the LAD, in eight dogs. Blood flow probes were placed on the LAD or MCA. Blood flow and tissue gases were measured during normocapnia (PaCO2 = 38 mm Hg), hypocapnia (PaCO2 = 26 mm Hg), and hypercapnia (PaCO2 = 53 mm Hg). Mean arterial pressure, heart rate, arterial gases, and pH were not different between brain and heart measurements. PbO2 was 21 +/- 9 mm Hg (mean +/- SD ), 40 +/- 16 mm Hg, and 47 +/- 11 mm Hg. PmO2 was 35 +/- 12 mm Hg, 40 +/- 14 mm Hg, and 48 +/- 15 mm Hg during hypocapnia, normocapnia, and hypercapnia respectively. During hypercapnia, LAD and MCA flow increased 50% and tissue oxygenation increased 20% ( P < .05). During hypocapnia, MCA flow and PbO2 decreased 50% ( P < .05), but LAD flow and PmO2 did not significantly change. These results indicated that LAD flow and myocardial PO2 were less responsive to hypocapnia than MCA flow and PbO2.