Castleman's disease is an infrequent and usually benign lymphoproliferative disorder. Resection of the tumor usually is curative. The immunostimulatory nature of the tumor can, in rare instances, result in paraneoplastic manifestations. The authors present a case of a 14 year old with mucocutaneous ulcerations and progressive dyspnea that was found to have a large mediastinal mass and circulating autoantibodies that were responsible for his paraneoplastic pemphigus and bronchiolitis obliterans. In spite of aggressive immunotherapy to control the autoimmune mucocutaneous lesions, the pulmonary fibrosis was irreversible and progressed to pulmonary failure necessitating lung transplantation. J Pediatr Surg 36:E22.
Copyright 2001 by W.B. Saunders Company.