A rat gene with testis-specific expression coinciding with spermatogenesis was cloned by differential display. This spermatogenesis-related factor-1 (SRF-1) gene was not expressed in other organs. Testicular expression was detected from 5 weeks of age and increased up to 15 weeks; this level of expression was maintained for 63 weeks. The 750-bp cloned gene was coded for an open reading frame of 202 amino acids. According to in situ hybridization at 7 weeks, this gene was expressed mainly in spermatocyte. The gene product may function as a molecular motor in meiosis, as the deduced amino acid sequence showed partial homology with kinesin-related proteins. The action of this gene and its product with respect to division of reproductive cells requires further investigation.
(c)2001 Elsevier Science.