Projected wave functions and high temperature superconductivity

Phys Rev Lett. 2001 Nov 19;87(21):217002. doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.87.217002. Epub 2001 Nov 1.


We study the Hubbard model with parameters relevant to cuprates using variational Monte Carlo for projected d-wave states. For doping 0<x approximately less than or equal to 0.35 we obtain a superconductor whose order parameter Phi(x) tracks the observed nonmonotonic T(c)(x). The variational parameter Delta(var)(x) scales with the (pi,0) "hump" and T* seen in photoemission. Projection leads to incoherence in the spectral function and from the singular behavior of its moments we obtain the nodal quasiparticle weight Z approximately x though the Fermi velocity remains finite as x-->0. The Drude weight D(low) and superfluid density are consistent with experiment and D(low) approximately Z.