Aim: To compare the accuracy of MR-determined cerebral blood volume (CBV) maps with SPECT imaging with thallium-201 in pre-operative grading of intracranial glioma.
Material and methods: Nineteen patients (7 female and 12 male, mean age 46.8 years) with intracranial gliomas were examined with MR perfusion imaging pre-operatively. Sixteen of these patients were also examined with SPECT imaging with thallium-201. The tumour to contralateral white matter NI (negative integral) and tracer uptake ratios were evaluated. The ratios in high-grade and low-grade tumours were compared.
Results: The maximum CBV ratios of grades I and II gliomas (2.958+/-2.217) were significantly lower than the maximum CBV ratio of grades III and IV (9.484+/-4.520), p<0.001. There was no statistical difference when CBV ratios of grades I and II (p=0.381), grades II and III (p=0.229) and grades III and IV (p=0.476) gliomas were compared. Thallium SPECT imaging showed no difference in tumour uptake ratio between low-grade and high-grade gliomas (p=0.299).
Conclusion: MR-determined NI was useful for pre-operative grading of intracranial gliomas but SPECT thallium-201 imaging was not.