A photoreceptor-specific cadherin is essential for the structural integrity of the outer segment and for photoreceptor survival

Neuron. 2001 Dec 6;32(5):775-86. doi: 10.1016/s0896-6273(01)00531-1.


A cadherin family member, prCAD, was identified in retina cDNA by subtractive hybridization and high throughput sequencing. prCAD is expressed only in retinal photoreceptors, and the prCAD protein is localized to the base of the outer segment of both rods and cones. In prCAD(-/-) mice, outer segments are disorganized and fragmented, and there is progressive death of photoreceptor cells. prCAD is unlikely to be involved in protein trafficking between inner and outer segments, since phototransduction proteins appear to be correctly localized and the light responses of both rods and cones are only modestly compromised in prCAD(-/-) mice. These experiments imply a highly specialized cell biological function for prCAD and suggest that localized adhesion activity is essential for outer segment integrity.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Cadherins / chemistry*
  • Cadherins / genetics
  • Cadherins / metabolism
  • Cadherins / physiology*
  • Cattle
  • Cell Death / physiology
  • Cell Survival / genetics
  • Chick Embryo
  • Genotype
  • Humans
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred C57BL
  • Mice, Knockout
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Organ Specificity / genetics
  • Photoreceptor Cells / chemistry*
  • Photoreceptor Cells / metabolism
  • Photoreceptor Cells / physiology*
  • Photoreceptor Cells / ultrastructure
  • Rabbits
  • Rats
  • Retina / chemistry
  • Retina / metabolism
  • Retina / ultrastructure
  • Rod Cell Outer Segment / chemistry
  • Rod Cell Outer Segment / physiology*
  • Rod Cell Outer Segment / ultrastructure
  • Structure-Activity Relationship
  • Subcellular Fractions / metabolism


  • Cadherins

Associated data

  • GENBANK/AF426392
  • GENBANK/AF426393
  • GENBANK/AF426394