Cellular and subcellular localization of Ras guanyl nucleotide-releasing protein in the rat hippocampus

Neuroscience. 2001;108(3):381-90. doi: 10.1016/s0306-4522(01)00429-8.

Abstract

Ras guanyl nucleotide-releasing protein (RasGRP) is a recently discovered Ras guanyl nucleotide exchange factor that is expressed in selected regions of the rodent CNS, with high levels of expression in the hippocampus. Biochemical studies suggest that RasGRP can activate the Ras signal pathway in response to changes in diacylglycerol and possibly calcium. To investigate potential sites for RasGRP signaling, we have determined the cellular and subcellular localization of RasGRP protein in adult rat hippocampus, and have also examined the appearance of RasGRP mRNA and protein during hippocampal development. RasGRP immunoreactivity is predominately localized to those neurons participating in the direct cortico-hippocampo-cortical loop. In both hippocampal and entorhinal neurons, RasGRP protein appeared to be localized to both dendrites and somata, but not to axons. Electron microscopy of hippocampal pyramidal cells confirmed RasGRP immunoreactivity in neuronal cell bodies and dendrites, where it appeared to be associated with microtubules. The localization of RasGRP to dendrites suggests a role for this pathway in the regulation of dendritic function. Examination of developing hippocampal structures indicated that RasGRP mRNA and protein appear synchronously during the first 2 weeks of postnatal development as these neurons become fully mature. This result indicates that the RasGRP signal transduction pathway is not required during early hippocampal development, but is a feature of mature neurons during the later stages of development.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Aging / metabolism
  • Animals
  • Animals, Newborn / growth & development
  • Animals, Newborn / metabolism
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / genetics
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / metabolism*
  • Guanine Nucleotide Exchange Factors*
  • Hippocampus / metabolism
  • RNA, Messenger / metabolism
  • Rats
  • Rats, Sprague-Dawley
  • Subcellular Fractions / metabolism
  • Time Factors
  • Tissue Distribution

Substances

  • Antibodies, Monoclonal
  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • Guanine Nucleotide Exchange Factors
  • RNA, Messenger
  • Rasgrp1 protein, rat