Left ventricular mass and cardiovascular morbidity in essential hypertension: the MAVI study

J Am Coll Cardiol. 2001 Dec;38(7):1829-35. doi: 10.1016/s0735-1097(01)01663-1.


Objectives: This study investigated the prognostic value of left ventricular (LV) mass at echocardiography in uncomplicated subjects with essential hypertension.

Background: Only a few single-center studies support the prognostic value of LV mass in uncomplicated hypertension.

Methods: The MAssa Ventricolare sinistra nell'Ipertensione study was a multicenter (45 centers) prospective study. The prespecified aim was to explore the prognostic value of LV mass in hypertension. Admission criteria included essential hypertension, no previous cardiovascular events, and age > or =50. There was central reading of echocardiographic tracings. Treatment was tailored to the single subject.

Results: Overall, 1,033 subjects (396 men) were followed for 0 to 4 years (median, 3 years). Mean age at entry was 60 years, and systolic/diastolic blood pressure was 154/92 mm Hg. The rate of cardiovascular events (x100 patient-years) was 1.3 in the group with normal LV mass and 3.2 in the group (28.5% of total sample) with LV mass > or =125 g/body surface area (p = 0.005). After adjustment for age (p < 0.01), diabetes (p < 0.01), cigarette smoking (p < 0.01) and serum creatinine (p = 0.03), LV hypertrophy was associated with an increased risk of events (RR [relative risk] 2.08; 95% CI [confidence interval]: 1.22 to 3.57). For each 39 g/m(2) (1 SD) increase in LV mass there was an independent 40% rise in the risk of major cardiovascular events (95% CI: 14 to 72; p = 0.0013).

Conclusions: Our findings show a strong, continuous and independent relationship of LV mass to subsequent cardiovascular morbidity. This is the first study to extend such demonstration to a large nationwide multicenter sample of uncomplicated subjects with essential hypertension.

Publication types

  • Multicenter Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Cardiovascular Diseases / diagnostic imaging*
  • Cardiovascular Diseases / mortality
  • Cause of Death
  • Death, Sudden, Cardiac / epidemiology
  • Death, Sudden, Cardiac / etiology
  • Echoencephalography*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Hypertension / diagnostic imaging*
  • Hypertrophy, Left Ventricular / diagnostic imaging*
  • Hypertrophy, Left Ventricular / mortality
  • Italy / epidemiology
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Myocardial Infarction / diagnostic imaging
  • Myocardial Infarction / mortality
  • Prognosis
  • Prospective Studies
  • Risk Factors