The structures of over 30 complexes of Ras superfamily small GTP-binding proteins bound to diverse protein partners have been reported. Comparison of these complexes using the sequences of the small GTP-binding proteins to align the contact sites shows that virtually all surface positions make contacts with at least one partner protein. Rather than highlighting a single consensus binding site, these comparisons illustrate the remarkable diversity of contacts of Ras superfamily members. Here, a new analysis technique, the interface array, is introduced to quantify patterns of surface contacts. The interface array shows that small GTP-binding proteins are recognized in at least nine distinct ways. Remarkably, binding partners with similar functions, including those with distinct folds, recognize small GTP-binding proteins in similar ways. These classes of shared surface contacts support the occurrence of both divergent and convergent evolutionary processes and suggest that specific effector functions require particular protein-protein contacts.