The Schizosaccharomyces pombe spo3+ gene is required for assembly of the forespore membrane and genetically interacts with psy1(+)-encoding syntaxin-like protein

Mol Biol Cell. 2001 Dec;12(12):3955-72. doi: 10.1091/mbc.12.12.3955.


Formation of the forespore membrane, which becomes the plasma membrane of spores, is an intriguing step in the sporulation of the fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe. Here we report two novel proteins that localize to the forespore membrane. spo3(+) encodes a potential membrane protein, which was expressed only during sporulation. Green fluorescent protein (GFP) fusion revealed that Spo3 localized to the forespore membrane. The spo3 disruptant was viable and executed meiotic nuclear divisions as efficiently as the wild type but did not form spores. One of the spo3 alleles, spo3-KC51, was dose-dependently suppressed by psy1(+), which encodes a protein similar to mammalian syntaxin-1A, a component of the plasma membrane docking/fusion complex. psy1(+) was essential for vegetative growth, and its transcription was enhanced during sporulation. As expected, Psy1 localized to the plasma membrane during vegetative growth. Interestingly, Psy1 on the plasma membrane disappeared immediately after first meiotic division and relocalized to the forespore membrane as the second division initiated. In the spo3 null mutant, the forespore membrane was initiated but failed to develop a normal morphology. Electron microscopy revealed that membrane vesicles were accumulated in the cytoplasm of immature spo3Delta asci. These results suggest that Spo3 is a key component of the forespore membrane and is essential for its assembly acting in collaboration with the syntaxin-like protein.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Base Sequence
  • Blotting, Western
  • Cell Division
  • Cell Membrane / metabolism*
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Fungal
  • Meiosis
  • Membrane Proteins / chemistry*
  • Membrane Proteins / genetics*
  • Membrane Proteins / metabolism*
  • Microscopy, Electron
  • Microscopy, Fluorescence
  • Models, Biological
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Qa-SNARE Proteins
  • RNA, Messenger / metabolism
  • Schizosaccharomyces / cytology*
  • Schizosaccharomyces / genetics*
  • Schizosaccharomyces / growth & development
  • Schizosaccharomyces / ultrastructure
  • Schizosaccharomyces pombe Proteins / chemistry*
  • Schizosaccharomyces pombe Proteins / genetics
  • Schizosaccharomyces pombe Proteins / metabolism*
  • Sequence Homology, Amino Acid
  • Spores, Fungal / cytology*
  • Spores, Fungal / genetics*
  • Spores, Fungal / growth & development
  • Spores, Fungal / ultrastructure
  • Suppression, Genetic / genetics
  • Time Factors


  • Membrane Proteins
  • Qa-SNARE Proteins
  • RNA, Messenger
  • Schizosaccharomyces pombe Proteins
  • Spo3 protein, S pombe