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, 40 (3), 203-9

Attenuation of Ischemic Efflux of Endogenous Amino Acids by the Novel 5-HT(1A)/5-HT(2) Receptor Ligand Adatanserin

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Attenuation of Ischemic Efflux of Endogenous Amino Acids by the Novel 5-HT(1A)/5-HT(2) Receptor Ligand Adatanserin

L A Dawson et al. Neurochem Int.

Abstract

Using sodium azide (NaN3)-induced anoxia plus aglycaemia as a model of chemically-induced ischemia in the hippocampal slice, we have evaluated the effects of the novel 5-HT(1A) partial agonist/5-HT(2) receptor antagonist adatanserin and the 5-HT(1A) receptor agonist BAYx3702 on the efflux of endogenous glutamate, aspartate and GABA. BAYx3702 (10-1000 nM) produced a significant (P<0.05) dose-related attenuation of ischemic efflux of both glutamate and GABA with maximum decrease being observed at 100 nM (73 and 69%, respectively). This attenuation was completely reversed by the addition of the 5-HT(1A) antagonist, WAY-100635 (100 nM). Similarly, adatanserin (10-1000 nM) produced a significant (P<0.05) dose-related attenuation in glutamate and GABA efflux with a maximum of 72 and 81% at 100 nM, respectively. This effect was completely reversed by the 5-HT(2A/C) receptor agonist, DOI but unaffected by WAY-100635. The 5-HT(2A) receptor antagonist MDL-100907 produced a comparable attenuation of glutamate when compared to adatanserin, while the 5-HT(2C) receptor antagonist, SB-206553, had no effect on ischemic efflux. None of these compounds significantly altered aspartate efflux from this preparation. In conclusion, the 5-HT(1A) receptor partial agonist 5-HT(2) receptor antagonist, adatanserin is able to attenuate ischemic amino acid efflux in a comparable manner to the full 5-HT(1A) agonist BAYx3702. However, in contrast to BAYx3702, adatanserin appears to produce it effects via blockade of the 5-HT(2A) receptor. This suggests that adatanserin may be an effective neuroprotectant, as has been previously demonstrated for full 5-HT(1A) receptor agonists such as BAYx3702.

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