This study evaluated recently suggested invasive and noninvasive parameters of myocardial reperfusion after acute myocardial infarction (AMI), assessing their predictive value for left ventricular function 4 weeks after AMI and reperfusion defined by myocardial contrast echocardiography (MCE). In 38 patients, angiographic myocardial blush grade, corrected Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction frame count, ST-segment elevation index, and coronary flow reserve (n = 25) were determined immediately after primary percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) for first AMI, and intravenous MCE was determined before, and at 1 and 24 hours after PTCA to evaluate myocardial reperfusion. Results were related to global wall motion index (GWMI) at 4 weeks. MCE 1 hour after PTCA showed good correlation with GWMI at 4 weeks (r = 0.684, p <0.001) and was in an analysis of variance the best parameter to predict GWMI 4 weeks after AMI. The ST-segment elevation index was close in its predictive value. Considering only invasive parameters of reperfusion myocardial blush grade was the best predictor of GWMI at 4 weeks (R(2) = 0.3107, p <0.001). A MCE perfusion defect size at 24 hours of > or =50% of the MCE perfusion defect size before PTCA was used to define myocardial nonreperfusion. In a multivariate analysis, low myocardial blush grade class was the best predictor of nonreperfusion defined by MCE. Thus, intravenous MCE allows better prediction of left ventricular function 4 weeks after AMI than other evaluated parameters of myocardial reperfusion. Myocardial blush grade is the best predictor of nonreperfusion defined by MCE and is the invasive parameter with the greatest predictive value for left ventricular function after AMI. Coronary flow parameters are less predictive.