Objectives: To determine whether repeat biopsy is necessary when the diagnosis of high-grade prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia (HGPIN) is made with a 12-core biopsy. Repeated biopsy has been recommended for individuals with HGPIN noted on sextant prostate biopsy because of the high likelihood of cancer detection. Recently, we have recommended the routine use of 12 cores, rather than 6, to improve cancer detection.
Methods: The charts of all patients undergoing prostate biopsy during a 2-year period at the Manhattan Veterans Administration Medical Center were reviewed. Patients diagnosed with HGPIN on a 12-core biopsy were identified, and those undergoing a repeat 12-core biopsy within 1 year of the initial biopsy were evaluated to determine the rate of cancer detection.
Results: A total of 619 men underwent biopsy during the study period. Of 103 men diagnosed with HGPIN, 43 underwent a repeat biopsy within 1 year at the discretion of the managing urologist. The mean age and median prostate-specific antigen level of those undergoing a repeat biopsy was 65.5 years and 5.37 ng/mL, respectively. At the time of the repeat biopsy, 1 patient was found to have cancer (2.3%), 20 had HGPIN (46.5%), 20 had benign pathologic findings (46.5%), and 1 patient (2.3%) had atypical small acinar proliferation.
Conclusions: A repeat biopsy after the diagnosis of HGPIN on 12-core prostate biopsy rarely results in cancer detection. In the absence of other factors increasing the suspicion of cancer, immediate repeat biopsy for HGPIN diagnosed on a 12-core biopsy is unnecessary.