Mutations of the CHK2 gene are found in some osteosarcomas, but are rare in breast, lung, and ovarian tumors

Genes Chromosomes Cancer. 2002 Jan;33(1):17-21. doi: 10.1002/gcc.1207.


Checkpoint genes, activated in response to DNA damage and other stresses, are frequently targeted for alteration in cancer. Checkpoint kinase 2 (CHK2, CDS1, RAD53) is activated by ataxia telangiectasia mutated (ATM) in response to gamma irradiation. Activated CHK2 stabilizes TP53, and acts on other cell cycle and stress regulators. These findings place CHK2 in the middle of a pathway frequently targeted in cancer. Because of this, and the observation that CHK2 mutations are inherited in some Li-Fraumeni cancer syndrome families, we decided to examine the role of CHK2 mutations in sporadic cancers. Exploiting the genomic sequence of chromosome 22, we looked for mutations in the exons and intron junctions of the CHK2 gene in DNA samples from 170 patients (57 osteosarcomas, 25 other sarcomas, 35 nonsmall-cell lung, 20 ovarian, and 33 breast cancers). Missense mutations affecting the forkhead and kinase domains were detected in four osteosarcomas and in one ovarian and one lung cancer. These findings of CHK2 gene mutations are consistent with osteosarcoma being a defining tumor of Li-Fraumeni syndrome. The occurrence of CHK2 mutations in sporadic cancers emphasizes the importance of the stress pathway which includes TP53.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Substitution / genetics
  • Breast Neoplasms / enzymology
  • Breast Neoplasms / genetics*
  • Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung / enzymology
  • Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung / genetics*
  • Checkpoint Kinase 2
  • DNA Replication / genetics
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Lung Neoplasms / enzymology
  • Lung Neoplasms / genetics*
  • Mutation / genetics*
  • Mutation, Missense / genetics
  • Osteosarcoma / enzymology
  • Osteosarcoma / genetics*
  • Ovarian Neoplasms / enzymology
  • Ovarian Neoplasms / genetics*
  • Point Mutation / genetics
  • Protein Kinases / genetics*
  • Protein Kinases / physiology
  • Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases*


  • Protein Kinases
  • Checkpoint Kinase 2
  • CHEK2 protein, human
  • Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases