Clinical outcomes of compromised side branch (stent jail) after coronary stenting with the NIR stent

Catheter Cardiovasc Interv. 2001 Nov;54(3):295-300. doi: 10.1002/ccd.1287.


Acute side-branch (SB) compromise or occlusion stent jail after native coronary stenting is a matter of concern. Attempts at maintaining SB patency can be a technical challenge. The purpose of this study was to determine the clinical impact of SB compromise or occlusion in patients undergoing stenting of parent vessel lesions. We evaluated in-hospital and long-term clinical outcomes (death, Q-wave myocardial infarction, and repeat revascularization rates at 6 months) in 318 consecutive patients undergoing NIR stent implantation across an SB. Based on independent angiographic analysis, 218 (68.6%) patients had no poststent SB compromise, 85 (26.7%) patients had narrowed SB (> 70% narrowing, without total occlusion), and 15 (4.7%) patients had an occluded SB after stent implantation. The baseline patient and lesion characteristics were similar between the groups. Procedural success was 100%. Patients with SB occlusion had a higher stents/lesion ratio (P < 0.006). Side-branch occlusion was associated with higher in-hospital ischemic complications (Q-wave myocardial infarction, 7%; non-Q-wave myocardial infarction, 20%; P < 0.05) compared to patients with SB compromise or normal SB. At 6-month follow-up, there was a trend for more myocardial infarctions in the group with SB occlusion during the index procedure (Q-wave myocardial infarction, 7% vs. 1% in the narrowed and 0% in normal SB; P = 0.09). However, late target lesion revascularization and mortality were similar in the three groups (P = 0.91). SB occlusion after parent vessel stenting is associated with more frequent in-hospital Q-wave and non-Q-wave myocardial infarctions. However, with the NIR stent, side-branch compromise or occlusion does not influence late (6 month) major adverse events, including death, myocardial infarction, or need for repeat revascularization.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Comparative Study
  • Evaluation Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Coronary Angiography
  • Coronary Artery Bypass
  • Coronary Stenosis / complications
  • Coronary Stenosis / surgery
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Graft Occlusion, Vascular / etiology
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Stents*
  • Time
  • Treatment Outcome