We report on a male infant with the rare combined occurrence of congenital central hypoventilation syndrome (CCHS or Ondine's curse), Hirschsprung's disease (HD), and neuroblastoma. Current therapeutical options leave no doubt that children with isolated forms of CCHS, HD, or neuroblastoma must be treated, but management decisions and the ethical dilemma become more difficult with the presence of multiple neurocristopathies. Our patient was dependent on mechanical ventilation and total parenteral nutrition, when a neuroblastoma was diagnosed at age 5 months. We initiated an attempt at curative chemotherapy. The tumor failed to respond to recommended chemotherapeutic regimens, and the patient died at 11 months of age. We emphasize the importance of screening CCHS patients for associated illnesses such as neuroblastoma and ganglioneuroblastoma at time of diagnosis.
Copyright 2002 Wiley-Liss, Inc.