Contact with farming environment as a major risk factor for Shiga toxin (Vero cytotoxin)-producing Escherichia coli O157 infection in humans

Emerg Infect Dis. Nov-Dec 2001;7(6):1049-51. doi: 10.3201/eid0706.010626.

Abstract

In a prospective, unmatched case-control study of sporadic Shiga toxin (Vero cytotoxin)-producing Escherichia coli O157 (STEC O157) infection in England, exposure to the farming environment emerged strongly as a risk factor (adjusted odds ratio = 2.45; 95% confidence intervals = 1.49-4.02; p=0.0004) posing further challenges and opportunities for prevention.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Abdominal Pain / microbiology
  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Agriculture*
  • Animals
  • Case-Control Studies
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Diarrhea / microbiology
  • England / epidemiology
  • Environment
  • Escherichia coli Infections / epidemiology*
  • Escherichia coli Infections / microbiology
  • Escherichia coli O157* / isolation & purification
  • Escherichia coli O157* / metabolism
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Prospective Studies
  • Risk Factors
  • Shiga Toxins* / biosynthesis
  • Surveys and Questionnaires

Substances

  • Shiga Toxins