Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumour (inflammatory pseudotumour) of the breast. Clinicopathological and genetic analysis of a case with evidence for clonality

J Pathol. 2002 Jan;196(1):97-102. doi: 10.1002/path.1004.


Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumours (IMTs) were initially considered to be benign reactive processes, but cases with an unfavourable outcome have been reported. Moreover, clonal genetic alterations have recently been published in some cases, suggesting that IMT may represent a malignant neoplastic entity. This paper reports a case of IMT that developed in the mammary gland, an unusual site. The histological picture was characterized by a proliferation of spindle cells with little cellular atypia and rare mitoses, associated with a polymorphous inflammatory infiltrate. Their immunophenotype, characterized by the expression of vimentin, smooth muscle actin, and cytokeratins, corresponded to that of myofibroblasts. Cytogenetic analysis revealed the clonal nature of the lesion. The modal karyotype was 48, X, ins(2;X)(q34;p21.2p22.2), +7, del(9)(p23), +19. Including the present observation, a 9p deletion has now been found in three cases of IMT. These observations show that IMT may be a clonal neoplasm, even in sites different from deep soft tissues.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Breast Diseases / genetics
  • Breast Diseases / pathology*
  • Female
  • Granuloma, Plasma Cell / genetics
  • Granuloma, Plasma Cell / pathology*
  • Humans
  • Karyotyping
  • Middle Aged
  • Neoplastic Stem Cells / pathology