Mechanism of BLyS action in B cell immunity

Cytokine Growth Factor Rev. 2002 Feb;13(1):19-25. doi: 10.1016/s1359-6101(01)00025-9.

Abstract

The B lymphocyte stimulator (BLyS), also known as BAFF, THANK, TALL-1 and zTNF4, is the most recent addition to the tumor necrosis factor family (TNF) ligands and has a unique role in B cell immunity. Its requirement for the humoral immune response is evident in mice lacking BlyS, which exhibit profound deficiencies in peripheral B cell development and maturation. It regulates the antibody response, as shown in mice overexpressing BLyS, which develop autoimmune manifestations resulting from peripheral B cell expansion and differentiation. Attenuation of apoptosis appears to underlie BLyS action in B cells. However, elucidation of the mechanism of BLyS has proven to be more challenging, because BLyS binds three different TNF receptors (TACI/BCMA/BAFF-R) and shares overlapping functions with a related TNF ligand, APRIL. The unique role of BLyS in B cell development and differentiation and the pathogenesis of autoimmune diseases, systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) in particular, makes the study of BLyS and its downstream targets attractive in the development of novel therapies.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • B-Cell Activating Factor
  • B-Cell Activation Factor Receptor
  • B-Lymphocytes / immunology*
  • B-Lymphocytes / metabolism*
  • Humans
  • Ligands
  • Membrane Proteins / genetics
  • Membrane Proteins / metabolism
  • Membrane Proteins / physiology*
  • Mice
  • Mice, Transgenic
  • Models, Biological
  • Protein Binding
  • Receptors, Tumor Necrosis Factor / genetics
  • Receptors, Tumor Necrosis Factor / physiology
  • Signal Transduction
  • Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha / genetics
  • Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha / metabolism
  • Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha / physiology*

Substances

  • B-Cell Activating Factor
  • B-Cell Activation Factor Receptor
  • BLyS receptor
  • Ligands
  • Membrane Proteins
  • Receptors, Tumor Necrosis Factor
  • TNFRSF13C protein, human
  • TNFSF13B protein, human
  • Tnfrsf13c protein, mouse
  • Tnfsf13b protein, mouse
  • Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha