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, 13 (1), 134-41

Adiponectin, Metabolic Risk Factors, and Cardiovascular Events Among Patients With End-Stage Renal Disease

  • PMID: 11752030

Adiponectin, Metabolic Risk Factors, and Cardiovascular Events Among Patients With End-Stage Renal Disease

Carmine Zoccali et al. J Am Soc Nephrol.


Adiponectin (ADPN), which is a secretory protein of adipose tissue, attenuates endothelial inflammatory responses in vitro. Among human subjects, plasma ADPN concentrations are reduced among patients with atherosclerotic complications but are substantially increased among patients with advanced renal failure. The clinical and biochemical correlates of plasma ADPN levels were investigated and the predictive power of ADPN levels with respect to survival rates and cardiovascular events was prospectively tested in a cohort of 227 hemodialysis patients, who were monitored for 31 +/- 13 mo. Plasma ADPN levels were 2.5 times higher (P < 0.0001) among dialysis patients (15.0 +/- 7.7 microg/ml) than among healthy subjects (6.3 +/- 2.0 microg/ml), were independent of age, and were higher (P = 0.03) among women (15.2 +/- 7.9 microg/ml) than among men (14.0 +/- 7.4 microg/ml). For both genders, plasma ADPN levels were inversely related to body mass index values, plasma leptin levels, insulin levels, serum triglyceride levels, and homeostatic model assessment index values. Furthermore, plasma ADPN levels were directly related to HDL cholesterol levels and inversely related to von Willebrand factor levels. Plasma ADPN levels were lower (P < 0.05) among patients who experienced new cardiovascular events (13.7 +/- 7.3 microg/ml) than among event-free patients (15.8 +/- 7.8 microg/ml). There was a 3% risk reduction for each 1 microg/ml increase in plasma ADPN levels, and the relative risk of adverse cardiovascular events was 1.56 times (95% confidence interval, 1.12 to 1.99 times) higher among patients in the first ADPN tertile, compared with those in the third tertile. Plasma ADPN levels are an inverse predictor of cardiovascular outcomes among patients with end-stage renal disease. Furthermore, ADPN is related to several metabolic risk factors in a manner consistent with the hypothesis that this protein acts as a protective factor for the cardiovascular system.

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