Gene-environment interplay in relation to emotional and behavioral disturbance

Annu Rev Psychol. 2002;53:463-90. doi: 10.1146/annurev.psych.53.100901.135223.


The conceptual and methodological issues involved in the study of gene-environment correlations (rGE) and interactions (GxE) are discussed in historical context. Quantitative genetic findings are considered with respect to rGE and GxE in relation to emotional and behavioral disturbance. Key conceptual and substantive implications are outlined in relation to both genetic and environmental risk mediation, with a brief note on evolutionary considerations.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Affect / physiology*
  • Biological Evolution
  • Environment*
  • Humans
  • Mental Disorders / genetics*