Recurrent uterine cervical carcinoma: spectrum of imaging findings

Korean J Radiol. 2000 Oct-Dec;1(4):198-207. doi: 10.3348/kjr.2000.1.4.198.


Uterine cervical carcinoma is one of the most common malignant tumors occurring in females. After primary treatment, patients are usually followed up with CT or MRI and the findings of these modalities may be the first sign of recurrent disease. Because earlier additional treatment by chemotherapy or radiation therapy may improve the prognosis, the early detection of recurrent cervical carcinoma is clinically important. In this article, we review the CT and MR imaging findings of recurrent uterine cervical carcinoma, and assign them to one of four groups: a) recurrence at the primary site, involving the intrapelvic organs, b) extension to the pelvic side-wall, c) metastases to pelvic and extrapelvic lymph nodes, or d) metastases to distant organs. A further contribution of CT and MR imaging is the detection of hydronephrosis due to ureteral obstruction. The cases in each group are illustrated and discussed, and since an awareness of the spectrum of imaging findings of recurrent cervical carcinoma is likely to lead to its early detection, radiologists should be familiar with the information presented.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Case-Control Studies
  • Cervix Uteri / pathology
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Lymphatic Metastasis
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  • Middle Aged
  • Neoplasm Invasiveness
  • Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / diagnosis*
  • Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / diagnostic imaging
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed
  • Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / diagnosis*
  • Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / diagnostic imaging