Development and current status of the CHARMM force field for nucleic acids

Biopolymers. 2000-2001;56(4):257-65. doi: 10.1002/1097-0282(2000)56:4<257::AID-BIP10029>3.0.CO;2-W.


The CHARMM27 all-atom force field for nucleic acids represents a highly optimized model for investigations of nucleic acids via empirical force field calculations. The force field satisfactorily treats the A, B, and Z forms of DNA as well as RNA, and it also useful for nucleosides and nucleotides. In addition, it is compatible with the CHARMM force fields for proteins and lipids, allowing for simulation studies of heterogeneous systems.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Biophysics / methods*
  • Biophysics / trends
  • Computer Simulation*
  • Nucleic Acids / chemistry*
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Static Electricity
  • Structure-Activity Relationship


  • Nucleic Acids