Organization and financing of the Danish health care system

Health Policy. 2002 Feb;59(2):107-18. doi: 10.1016/s0168-8510(01)00201-9.


The present paper aims at giving a short overview of the organization and financing of the Danish health care system as of 1997-1998 when the SWOT panel evaluated the system. The overview follows the triangular model of a health care system. The Danish system is characterized by being decentralized and single-funded. The hospital sector is public, and hospitals are financed and run by the counties (with only a very small private hospital sector alongside). General practitioners are private entrepreneurs but work under contract for the counties. Hospitals are financed by global budgets, while general practitioners are paid by a mixed remuneration system of capitation fees and fee-for-service. During the past 20 years, the government has repeatedly imposed budget ceilings on the counties which has limited growth in the health care sector.

Publication types

  • Evaluation Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Budgets
  • Delivery of Health Care / economics
  • Delivery of Health Care / organization & administration*
  • Denmark
  • Family Practice / economics
  • Family Practice / organization & administration
  • Fees and Charges
  • Health Services Research*
  • Hospitals, Public / economics
  • Hospitals, Public / organization & administration
  • Insurance, Health
  • Interinstitutional Relations
  • Models, Organizational
  • National Health Programs / economics
  • National Health Programs / organization & administration*
  • Private Sector
  • Public Sector
  • Systems Analysis*
  • Universal Health Insurance