Variation in the calpain-10 gene affects blood glucose levels in the British population

Diabetes. 2002 Jan;51(1):247-50. doi: 10.2337/diabetes.51.1.247.


Variation in the calpain-10 gene (CAPN10) has been shown to be associated with type 2 diabetes in Mexican-Americans and in at least three Northern European populations. Studies in nondiabetic Pima Indians showed that one of the at-risk DNA polymorphisms, single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP)-43, in CAPN10 was associated with insulin resistance, and individuals with the G/G-genotype had significantly higher fasting plasma glucose and 2-h insulin concentrations after a 75-g oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT). We have examined the effect of variation in CAPN10 on plasma glucose and insulin levels in a group of 285 nondiabetic British subjects after a 75-g OGTT. The results showed that subjects with G/G genotype at SNP-43 had higher 2-h plasma glucose levels than the combined G/A + A/A group (P = 0.05). We also examined the SNP-43, -19, and -63 haplotype combination 112/121, which is associated with an approximately threefold increased risk of diabetes. Subjects with the 112/121 haplotype combination (n = 29) had increased fasting (P = 0.004) and 2-h plasma glucose levels (P = 0.003) compared with the rest of the study population after correction for age, sex, and BMI. The 112/121 haplotype combination was also associated with a marked decrease in the insulin secretory response, adjusted for the level of insulin resistance (P = 0.002). We conclude that genetic variation in the CAPN10 gene influences blood glucose levels in nondiabetic British subjects and that this is due, at least in part, to the effects of calpain-10 on the early insulin secretory response.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Blood Glucose / metabolism*
  • Body Constitution
  • Body Mass Index
  • Calpain / genetics*
  • Female
  • Genetic Variation*
  • Glucose Tolerance Test
  • Humans
  • Insulin / blood
  • Ireland / ethnology
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • United Kingdom
  • White People


  • Blood Glucose
  • Insulin
  • Calpain
  • calpain 10