Modulation of Na,K-ATPase by associated small transmembrane regulatory proteins and by lipids

J Bioenerg Biomembr. 2001 Oct;33(5):415-23. doi: 10.1023/a:1010671607911.

Abstract

The effects of phospholipid acyl chain length (n(c)) and cholesterol on Na,K-ATPase reconstituted into liposomes of defined lipid composition are described. The optimal hydrophobic thickness of the lipid bilayer decreases from n(c) = 22 to 18 in the presence of 40 mol% cholesterol. Hydrophobic matching as well as specific interactions of cholesterol with the phosphorylation/dephosphorylation reactions is found to be important. A novel regulatory protein has been identified in Na,K-ATPase membrane preparations from the shark (phospholemmanlike protein from shark, PLMS) with significant homology to phospholemman (PLM), the major protein kinase substrate in myocardium. Both are members of the FXYD gene family. Another member of this family is the Na,K-ATPase gamma subunit indicating that these proteins may be specific regulators of the Na,K-ATPase. A regulatory mechanism is described in which association/dissociation of PLMS with the Na,K-ATPase is governed by its phosphorylation by protein kinases.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • HeLa Cells / metabolism
  • Humans
  • Hydrophobic and Hydrophilic Interactions
  • Kidney / metabolism
  • Lipids / chemistry*
  • Membrane Proteins / chemistry*
  • Molecular Conformation
  • Myocardium / metabolism
  • Protein Kinases / chemistry
  • Rats
  • Signal Transduction
  • Sodium-Potassium-Exchanging ATPase / genetics
  • Sodium-Potassium-Exchanging ATPase / metabolism*

Substances

  • Lipids
  • Membrane Proteins
  • Protein Kinases
  • FXYD2 protein, human
  • Fxyd2 protein, rat
  • Sodium-Potassium-Exchanging ATPase